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Plant-Herbivore Interaction
Gordon Research Conference

Novel Approaches and Technologies for Understanding How Plants and Herbivores Interact at Multiple Scales

Dates

February 12-17, 2017

Location

Four Points Sheraton / Holiday Inn Express
Ventura, CA

Organizers

Chair:
Nicole M. Van Dam

Vice Chair:
Spencer T. Behmer

Meeting Description

The 13th Gordon Research Conference on Plant-Herbivore Interactions (GRC PHI) will bring together a wide range of topics on plant-herbivore interactions, spanning molecular mechanisms of induced defenses above and below the ground as well as the effects of climate change on communities of plants and insects. Interactions between plants and herbivores have a long history – over 420 million years. Within this time frame, herbivores as large as dinosaurs and as small as a thrips have exerted selection pressures that have shaped plants and plant communities. Over the course of the resulting 'arms race' herbivores have evolved novel abilities to feed on an array of different plant tissues and to overcome a range of plant defenses. Recently our understanding of the mechanisms governing plant-insect interactions has benefited greatly from next-generation molecular and chemical technologies that have seen an explosion in the fields of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics. Likewise, our understanding of the essential role of microbiota in plant-insect interactions has been greatly enhanced. More recently, during the Anthropocene, selection pressures linked to climate change processes are affecting plant-herbivore interactions. Coupled with increasing human population growth, and the need to secure sustainable food production, it is critical that we increase our understanding of how plants resist herbivores in agro-ecosystems.

This conference brings together a diverse selection of expert speakers to examine plant-herbivore interactions across different temporal and spatial scales. Additionally, this conference will feature a new element, called the Power Hour, which is aimed at supporting the careers of female scientists. For the first time in its history, this conference will be preceded by a Gordon Research Seminar specifically tailored to early-career scientists. We welcome you to join us at this multidisciplinary meeting in Ventura, CA.

Related Meeting

This GRC was held in conjunction with the "Plant-Herbivore Interaction" Gordon Research Seminar (GRS). Refer to the associated GRS program page for more information.

Contributors

Meeting Program

Sunday
4:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmKeynote Session: Plant-Herbivore Interactions: Bridging Multiple Dimensions
Discussion Leader: Nicole Van Dam (German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Germany)
7:40 pm - 7:50 pmOpening Remarks
7:50 pm - 8:10 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
8:10 pm - 9:00 pmFred Gould (North Carolina State University, USA)
"Synergy Between Basic and Applied Studies of Herbivores and Their Hosts"
9:00 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmEcology of Plant-Herbivore Interactions
Discussion Leader: Elizabeth Pringle (University of Nevada, Reno, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amVojtech Novotny (Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic)
"Experimental Studies of Plant-Insect Food Webs in Tropical Rainforests"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amAlistair Poore (University of New South Wales, Australia)
"From Tiny Grazers to Global Impacts of Marine Herbivores"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amKailen Mooney (University of California, Irvine, USA)
"Causes and Community-Level Consequences of Clinal Adaptation in a Foundational Plant Species"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmKaren Abbott (Case Western Reserve University, USA)
"Interactive Effects of Plant Defenses on Herbivore Population Dynamics: Insights from Theory"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
3:00 pm - 4:00 pmPower Hour
The GRC Power Hour is an optional informal gathering open to all meeting participants. It is designed to help address the challenges women face in science and support the professional growth of women in our communities by providing an open forum for discussion and mentoring.
Organizers: Dena Smith (National Science Foundation, USA) and Linda Walling (University of California, Riverside, USA)
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmLarge Herbivores
Discussion Leader: Spencer Behmer (Texas A&M University, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmJessica Rothman (Hunter College, City University of New York, USA)
"Insights into the Nutritional Decisions of Apes and Monkeys in Tropical Forests"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmFred Provenza (Utah State University, USA)
"Herbivores, Humans, and the Conundrum of Culture"
9:00 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmPlant-Herbivore Interactions in Times of -Omics
Discussion Leader: Jacqueline Bede (McGill University, Canada)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amHeiko Vogel (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Germany)
"Recruiters, Duplicators and Regulators: Adaptive Strategies of Insects to Host Plant Defenses"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amShai Morin (Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel)
"Generalism and Specialism in the Whitefly Bemisia tabaci Species Complex: Insights from RNAseq and Metabolomics Analyses"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amLinda Walling (University of California, Riverside, USA)
"Leucine Aminopeptidase: A Plastid-Localized Regulator of Wound Signaling and Herbivore Defense"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmKirsten Leiss (Leiden University, The Netherlands)
"Healthy Plant Protection: An Eco-Metabolomic Approach"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmInduced Responses by Intimate Enemies
Discussion Leader: David Giron (CNRS / François Rabelais University de Tours, France)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmSybille Unsicker (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Germany)
"Spiral Gall Aphid Effects on Black Poplar: Phytochemistry and Consequences for Other Tree Antagonists"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmGodelieve Gheysen (Ghent University, Belgium)
"Rice Nematodes: Activation or Suppression of Plant Defense?"
9:00 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmPriming and Induced Responses in Plants
Discussion Leader: Katharina Schramm (Weber State University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amNina Fatouros (Wageningen University and Research, The Netherlands)
"Induced and Primed Responses by Early Herbivory: The Dialog Between Herbivore Eggs and Plants"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amAinhoa Martinez Medina (German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Germany)
"Root-Fungal Symbionts: Allies in Multitrophic Interactions"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amJennifer Thaler (Cornell University, USA)
"Plant Resistance and the Ecology of Fear"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmCarlos Ballare (IFEVA-CONICET, Argentina)
"Regulation of Induced Defenses by Photoreceptors. Ecological Context and Molecular Mechanisms"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmPlant-Herbivore Interactions: An Evolutionary Perspective
Discussion Leader: Katja Poveda (Cornell University, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmPatrick Abbot (Vanderbilt University, USA)
"Detoxification or Sequestration in a Specialist Aphid: Functional Mechanisms and Eco-Evolutionary Patterns"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmDena Smith (National Science Foundation, USA)
"Plant-Insect Interactions in Deep-Time: Climate, Ecology and Digital Futures"
9:00 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmHerbivores Overcoming the Challenges of Feeding on Plants
Discussion Leader: Georg Petschenka (Justus Liebig Universitaet Giessen, Germany)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amChristelle Robert (University of Bern, Switzerland)
"The Western Corn Rootworm Stabilizes, Integrates and Reactivates Plant Secondary Metabolites to Protect Itself Against Entomopathogenic Nematodes"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amGreg Sword (Texas A&M University, USA)
"Individual Nutritional State Mediates Insect Susceptibility to Bt Toxins in Transgenic Plants"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amTakema Fukatsu (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan)
"Microbial Symbionts Involved in Plant Adaptation of Their Insect Hosts"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmKevin Kohl (Vanderbilt University, USA)
"Friends for Life: Gut Microbes Allow Mammalian Herbivores to Consume Toxic Plants"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEffects of Global Change on Plant-Herbivore Interactions
Discussion Leader: Mary Jamieson (Oakland University, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmKwang Pum Lee (Seoul National University, South Korea)
"Nutrient-Dependent Thermal Sensitivity in Insect Herbivores: Effects of Temperature on Nutrient Intake, Utilization, and Performance"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmChrister Bjorkman (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden)
"Global Change and Insect Pests"
9:00 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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