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Predator-Prey Interactions
Gordon Research Conference

New Frontiers in Understanding Predator-Prey Interactions in a Human-Altered World

Dates

January 24-29, 2016

Location

Ventura Beach Marriott
Ventura, CA

Organizers

Chair:
Andy Sih

Vice Chairs:
Evan Preisser & Jacqueline Blundell

Meeting Description

Predator-prey interactions shape the behavior, ecology and evolution of virtually every animal on the planet, including humans, and play out in an increasingly human-altered world. Prey now often encounter novel predators, and vice versa, and both co-evolved and novel predator-prey interactions occur in environments altered in areas such as climate, habitat, or chemical background. This modified landscape also affects humans, whose increased disconnection from the natural world is reflected in a decreased appreciation of the role that predator-prey interactions play in both nature and human psychology. Understanding these interactions in a human-altered world is thus critically important, and research into this area increasingly integrates across multiple levels of study, from genes to physiology, neurobiology, and behavior to ecology, evolution and psychology. New tools are being brought into play, including both those associated with the "-omics revolution", and the use of modern tracking and sensor technologies to follow free-ranging animals in nature. Finally, studying predator-prey interactions has been central to the development of an exciting, overarching concept that involves the integration of contemporary evolution and ecology; how current evolution of key traits of predators and prey in response to environmental change affects ecological dynamics and vice versa.

The second Gordon Research Conference on Predator-Prey Interactions seeks to facilitate the coalescence of parallel research paths by bringing together leading investigators from diverse fields to collaborate in exploring the unique insights to be gained from an interdisciplinary focus on predator-prey interactions in a human-altered world.

The Conference will bring together an international group of researchers at different career stages who are all at the forefront of their diverse fields, and will provide junior scientists and graduate students the opportunity to meet and discuss their work with leading scientists. To complement the session presentations and help ensure active participation, all attendees are strongly encouraged to contribute a poster. Bringing together a diverse group of researchers in the collegial atmosphere of this Conference, with organized discussions, extensive opportunities for informal gatherings, and inclusive poster sessions, is designed to yield new synergies and interdisciplinary collaborations.

Contributors

Final Meeting Program

Sunday
4:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmKeynote Session: Predator-Prey Interactions in a Changing World
Discussion Leader: Liana Zanette (University of Western Ontario, Canada)
7:40 pm - 7:50 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:50 pm - 8:30 pmJoseph LeDoux (New York University, USA)
"Coming to Terms with Fear - Implications for Understanding the Mind and Brain of Prey"
8:30 pm - 8:40 pmDiscussion
8:40 pm - 9:20 pmThomas Schoener (University of California, Davis, USA)
"Eco-Evolutionary Responses of Predator-Prey Systems to Extreme Climatic Events"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmClimate Change and Predator-Prey Interactions
Discussion Leader: David Vasseur (Yale University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:45 amMary O'Connor (University of British Columbia, Canada)
"The Macroecology of Predator-Prey Energetics: How Changes in Environmental Temperature Could Alter the Abundance, Distribution, and Ecological Importance of Predation"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amKristy Kroeker (University of California, Santa Cruz, USA)
"Predator-Prey Interactions in a High-CO2 Ocean – Scaling up from Individuals to Ecosystems"
10:25 am - 10:35 amDiscussion
10:35 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amDaniel Schindler (University of Washington, USA)
"The Constraints of Time in Predator-Prey Interactions: Implications for Understanding How Climate Change and Homogenizing Landscapes Will Affect Food Webs"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmHannu Ylonen (University of Jyvaskyla, Finland)
"Predator-Prey Interactions in Small Mammals Modified by Climate and Environmental Change"
12:10 pm - 12:20 pmDiscussion
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmGenetics and Neurobiology of Fear
Discussion Leader: Benno Roozendaal (Radboud University, The Netherlands)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmAlison Bell (University of Illinois, USA)
"Moms' and Dads' Experience with Predation Risk Matters for Their Offspring: Transgenerational Plasticity in Sticklebacks"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmJeansok Kim (University of Washington, USA)
"Antipredator Decisions in Rats: Where and How Fear Alters the Brain"
9:00 pm - 9:15 pmDiscussion
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmNovel Predator-Prey Interactions
Discussion Leader: Jennifer Rehage (Florida International University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:45 amMark Hixon (University of Hawaii, USA)
"The Consummate Invasive Predator: Pacific Lionfish on Atlantic Coral Reefs"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amLin Schwarzkopf (James Cook University, Australia)
"Aliens Versus Predators: Toads and Goannas, Quolls, Planigales and Others"
10:25 am - 10:35 amDiscussion
10:35 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amLauren Pintor (The Ohio State University, USA)
"Understanding the Impacts of Non-Native Prey on Native Predators"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmJulien Cucherousset (CNRS, France)
"Non-Native Predatory Fish and Their Effects on the Trophic Structure of Recipient Communities and Food Webs"
12:10 pm - 12:20 pmDiscussion
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmHuman Perceptions of Risk
Discussion Leader: Michael Clinchy (University of Western Ontario, Canada)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmDean Mobbs (Columbia University, USA)
"The Neural Basis of Escaping Predators in Humans"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmRandolph Nesse (Arizona State University, USA)
"Predation, Evolution, and Human Anxiety Disorders"
9:00 pm - 9:15 pmDiscussion
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmPredator-Prey Interactions, Conservation and Ecosystem Management
Discussion Leader: Evan Preisser (University of Rhode Island, USA)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:45 amFrancesca Cagnacci (Harvard University, USA / Fondazione Edmund Mach, USA)
"Innovative Tracking Technologies in Aid of Conservation: Can We Increase the Knowledge and Acceptance of Large Carnivores in Human-Dominated Landscapes?"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amMark Hebblewhite (University of Montana, USA)
"The Challenge of the Relative Importance of Direct and Indirect-Mediated Effects in Understanding Predator-Prey Dynamics and Conservation of Large Carnivores"
10:25 am - 10:35 amDiscussion
10:35 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amEuan Ritchie (Deakin University, Australia)
"Putting the Bite Back into Biodiversity Conservation: How Predators Can Restore Our Natural World"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmMary Power (University of California, Berkeley, USA)
"Fear and Bathymetry in River Food Webs"
12:10 pm - 12:20 pmDiscussion
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmThe Chemistry of Predator-Prey Interactions
Discussion Leader: Douglas Chivers (University of Saskatchewan, Canada)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmJennifer Thaler (Cornell University, USA)
"Chemical Ecology of Tritrophic Interactions"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmTomas Brodin (Umea University, Sweden)
"Medicating Predators and Prey: Pharmaceutical Contamination of Aquatic Systems Affect Species Interactions"
9:00 pm - 9:15 pmDiscussion
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmParasites and Predator-Prey Interactions
Discussion Leader: Ryan Hechinger (University of California, San Diego, USA)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:45 amKevin Lafferty (Western Ecological Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, USA)
"The Roles of Predators and Parasites in Food Webs"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amJason Rohr (University of South Florida, USA)
"Predators of Parasites, Anthropogenic Change, and Disease Risk"
10:25 am - 10:35 amDiscussion
10:35 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amAjai Vyas (Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)
"Biology of Fatal Attraction Towards Predators Due to Parasitism"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmBarbara Han (Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, USA)
"Does Predation Reduce Human Infectious Disease? Predicting Disease Reservoirs and Zoonotic Risk from Terrestrial Carnivores"
12:10 pm - 12:20 pmDiscussion
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEcoevolutionary Responses of Predators and Prey to Environmental Change
Discussion Leader: Eric Palkovacs (University of California, Santa Cruz, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmNelson Hairston (Cornell University, USA)
"Algal Trait Cycles Underlie Lake Plankton Consumer-Resource Dynamics"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmDavid Reznick (University of California, Riverside, USA)
"Predation's Manifold Effects on the Evolution of Prey"
9:00 pm - 9:15 pmDiscussion
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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