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Conference Program
 
Floral & Vegetative Volatiles
Ecology, Analytics, Genomics, Sensory Perception and Linguistics
August 9-14, 2009
Magdalen College
Oxford, United Kingdom

The 2009 Gordon Conference on Floral and Vegetative Volatiles will bring together researchers to explore the rapid advances in genomics, analytics and sensory perception of plant volatiles. Genomic tools have revolutionized most of biology and the biochemistry and cell biology of scent production is no exception. Dramatic advances in instrumentation, particularly in ambient pressure mass spectrometry have allowed for the detection and identification of trace amounts of volatiles and image their release in real time. From this work, it has become clear than plants emit an amazing array of such compounds and the ever expanding genomic tool box is helping plant biologists understand how they are synthesized and released, the signaling cascades that elicit their releases and their evolution. Equally dramatic has been the pace of discovery in how these volatiles are perceived and the *sensory systems* in animals (including humans) by which this occurs and this will be a new focus for the conference. The identification of odor receptors and their genetic variability in the recipients of these volatiles has generated new paradigms for their function. Lastly, as the paucity of words in human speech to describe the sensory experience of volatile perception underscores, researchers in this field are confronted with a major challenge in how to translate their research to a lay public. To stimulate discussion in this translational component, linguists who work with movie producers, enologists, food critics, to translate the human experience of volatile perception, will help researchers working in the field overcome the linguistic challenges.


Contributors

SUNDAY
4:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in (Office Closed 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm)
5:30 pmWelcome Reception on the Cloisters Lawn
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 8:00 pm Ian T. Baldwin (Conference Chair) - Welcome and Introduction
8:00 pm - 9:30 pm Plant Volatiles in Human Affairs: Linguistics, Mate Choice and Food Selection
Chair: Harry J. Klee (University of Florida, Gainesville FL, USA)
8:00 pm - 8:10 pm Harry J. Klee - Introduction
8:10 pm - 8:35 pmAsifa Majid (Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen)
"The Language of Olfaction from a Cross-cultural Perspective"
8:35 pm - 8:50 pm Discussion
8:50 pm - 9:15 pmBoris Schilling (Bioscience, Fragrance Research Givaudan AG, Dübendorf, Switzerland)
"Investigation of Odors and Odor Perception in the Fragrance Industry"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
MONDAY
8:00 am - 9:00 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pm Metabolomics and Analytics of Plant Volatiles: In situ Analytics
Chair: Aleš Svatoš (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
9:00 am - 9:20 am Aleš Svatoš - Introduction
9:20 am - 9:45 amAkos Vertes (George Washington University, Washington, D.C., USA)
"Plant Metabolomics - One Cell at a time"
9:45 am - 10:00 am Discussion
10:00 am Coffee Break / Group Photo
10:30 am - 10:55 amZheng Ouyang (Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA)
"In situ Analysis Using Miniature Mass Spectrometers with Direct Sampling Ionization Capability"
10:55 am - 11:10 am Discussion
11:10 am - 11:35 amBenjamin Dietzek (Institute of Photonic Technology/Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany)
"CARS-Raman Microspectroscopy - An Emerging Tool in Biochemical and Biomedical Analytics"
11:35 am - 11:50 am Discussion
11:50 am - 12:30 pm 1 - Minute Poster Talks
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pm Metabolomics and Analytics of Plant Volatiles - Metabolic Profiling and Bioinformatics
Chair: Aleš Svatoš (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
7:30 pm - 7:55 pmRenato Zenobi (ETH Zurich, Switzerland)
"Extractive Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry for Rapid on-line Analysis of Living Objects"
7:55 pm - 8:10 pm Discussion
8:10 pm - 8:35 pmKirsten Skogerson (University of California, Davis, CA, USA)
"Tracking and Identification of Plant Volatiles on a Large and Comprehensive Scale by the BinBase GC-TOF Mass Spectral Database"
8:35 pm - 8:50 pm Discussion
8:50 pm - 9:05 pmDong Sik Yang (The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK, USA)
"Volatile Metabolic Profiling from Trichome Secretion of Potato Leafhopper Susceptible and Resistant Alfalfa Lines"
9:05 pm - 9:10 pm Discussion
9:10 pm - 9:25 pmEmmanuel Gaquerel (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
"Metabolomic Analysis of Plant Volatile Emissions by Comprehensive GCXGC-TOFMS"
9:25 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
TUESDAY
8:00 am - 9:00 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pm Mechanisms of Volatile Production
Chair: Jonathan Gershenzon (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
9:00 am - 9:20 am Jonathan Gershenzon - Introduction
9:20 am - 9:45 amC.S. Raman (University of Texas, Houston, TX, USA)
"Atomic Insights into Volatile Biosynthesis"
9:45 am - 10:00 am Discussion
10:00 am Coffee Break
10:30 am - 10:55 amPhilippe Hugueney (Ecole normale supérieure de Lyon, France)
"Scent Evolution in Chinese Roses: The Origin of Tea Scent"
10:55 am - 11:10 am Discussion
11:10 am - 11:25 amEfraim Lewinsohn (Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, Israel)
"A Novel Route for the Biosynthesis of Amino Acids-derived Volatiles in Plants. Amino Acid Transaminases Catalyze the Initial Breakdown of Amino Acids into Aroma Volatiles in Melon Fruit"
11:25 am - 11:35 am Discussion
11:35 am - 11:50 amStefan Garms (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
"Proof of an Old Hypothesis: A New Pathway to Cadinane, Muurolane, Cubebane and Copaane Skeletons"
11:50 am - 12:00 pm Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:15 pmPierre Delaplace (Gembloux Agricultural University, Belgium)
"Volatile Organic Compounds of the Wheat Rhizosphere as Potential Contributors to their Communication with Beneficial Soil Microorganisms"
12:15 pm - 12:25 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pm Mechanisms of Volatile Production and Release
Chair: Jonathan Gershenzon (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
7:30 pm - 7:55 pmJörg-Peter Schnitzler (Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany)
"Genomic and Metabolic Shifts in Non-isoprene Emitting Poplars and their Impact on Plant Behavior"
7:55 pm - 8:10 pm Discussion
8:10 pm - 8:35 pmSylvie Baudino (Université Jean Monnet, Saint Etienne, France)
"Biosynthesis and Emission of Scent Compounds by Rose Petal Cells"
8:35 pm - 8:50 pm Discussion
8:50 pm - 9:05 pmChristopher Frost (Penn State University, University Park, PA, USA)
"Wound-Induced Volatiles Prime Key Genes Associated with Defense Signaling"
9:05 pm - 9:10 pm Discussion
9:10 pm - 9:25 pmKathryn Van Alstyne (Western Washington University, Anacortes, WA, USA)
"Do Seaweeds Eavesdrop? The Use of a DMS as a Signaling Molecule by Intertidal Green Algae"
9:25 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
WEDNESDAY
8:00 am - 9:00 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pm Perception of Volatiles - Part I
Chair: Bill S. Hansson (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
9:00 am - 9:20 am Bill S. Hansson - Introduction
9:20 am - 9:45 amPeter Mombaerts (Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Frankfurt, Germany)
"Olfaction Targeted"
9:45 am - 10:00 am Discussion
10:00 am Coffee Break
10:30 am - 10:55 amPablo Guerenstein (CiCYTTP, CONICET, Diamante, Argentina)
"Insect CNS Integration of Floral CO2 and Odorant Information"
10:55 am - 11:10 am Discussion
11:10 am - 11:35 amNeil J. Vickers (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA)
"Moving volatile mixtures in perceptual space: moth olfaction"
11:35 am - 11:50 am Discussion
11:50 am - 12:05 pmAdriana Najar Rodriguez (ETH Zurich, Switzerland)
"Behavioral and Neurophysiological Responses of Female Oriental Fruit Moths to Changing Ratios of a Key Component in a Bioactive Mixture"
12:05 pm - 12:10 pm Discussion
12:10 pm - 12:25 pmJoseph M. Patt (USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Weslaco, TX, USA)
"Odor-Based Recognition of Nectar in Cursorial Spiders"
12:25 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pm Perception of Volatiles - Part II
Chair: Bill S. Hansson (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
7:30 pm - 7:55 pmSilke Sachse (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
"Coding of Olfactory Information Visualized by Optical Imaging in the Insect Antennal Lobe"
7:55 pm - 8:00 pm Discussion
8:00 pm - 8:25 pmTeun Dekker (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden)
"How to Change Olfactory Preference: A Specialist Fruit Fly's Perspective"
8:25 pm - 8:30 pm Discussion
8:30 pm - 8:55 pmChristian Margot (Firmenich SA, Switzerland)
"How many Smells are there?"
8:55 pm - 9:00 pm Discussion
9:00 pm - 9:20 pmIsabella Urru (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
"Odour Perception in Arum"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
THURSDAY
8:00 am - 9:00 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pm Plant Behavior in the Headspace: Plant VOCs in Ecological Interactions with Plants, Insects and Microorganisms - Signal Evolution and Diversity
Chair: Robert Raguso (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA)
Discussion Leader: André Kessler (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA)
9:00 am - 9:20 am Robert Raguso - Introduction
9:20 am - 9:45 amAndrew Stephenson (Penn State University, University Park, PA, USA)
"Volatile Mediated Interactions among Wild Squash, its Herbivores, and its Pathogens"
9:45 am - 10:00 am Discussion
10:00 am Coffee Break
10:30 am - 10:55 amArthur R. Zangerl (University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA)
"Navigating the Line between Herbivore Defense and Pollinator Attraction; Volatiles, Parsnip-Pollinators and the Parsnip Webworm"
10:55 am - 11:10 am Discussion
11:10 am - 11:35 amRichard Karban (University of California, Davis, CA, USA)
"Costs and Benefits of Emitting and Responding to Volatile Cues"
11:35 am - 11:45 am Discussion
11:45 am - 11:55 amErik Poelman (Wageningen University, Netherlands)
"The Smell of Reproductive Success for a Hyperparasitoid has Community Wide Consequences"
11:55 am - 12:00 pm Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:10 pmRobert Junker (University of Wuerzburg, Germany)
"Floral Volatile Defences Against Unbidden Guests"
12:10 pm - 12:15 pm Discussion
12:15 pm - 12:25 pmIrene Terry (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA)
"Temperature and Volatile Oscillations in Macrozamia Cycad Cones"
12:25 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 5:30 pmPoster Session
5:30 pmReception on the Cloisters Lawn
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
(Nominations for the next Vice Chair; Fill out Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss future Site & Scheduling preferences; Election of the next Vice Chair)
7:30 pm - 9:30 pm Plant Behavior in the Headspace: Plant VOCs in Ecological Interactions with Plants, Insects and Microorganisms - Signal Manipulation and Exploitation
Chair: Joerg Bohlmann (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pm Joerg Bohlmann - Introduction
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmManfred Ayasse (University of Ulm, Germany)
"The Role of Plant VOCs in Pollinator Attraction by Wasp-Flowers"
8:05 pm - 8:20 pm Discussion
8:20 pm - 8:45 pmPaul W. Paré (Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA)
"A Microbial Scent that Favors Simple Sugars for Plants: Implications for Arabidopsis Energy Acquisition"
8:45 pm - 9:00 pm Discussion
9:00 pm - 9:10 pmRosanna Mirabella (University of Amsterdam, Netherlands)
"E-2-Hexenal Signaling in Arabidopsis"
9:10 pm - 9:15 pm Discussion
9:15 pm - 9:25 pmSilke Allman (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany)
"Crying for Help: The Cis-Trans Signature of Nicotiana attenuata"
9:25 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
FRIDAY
8:00 am - 9:00 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture

 
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