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Conference Program
 
Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels
February 1-6, 2009
Four Points Sheraton / Holiday Inn Express
Ventura, CA

Related Meeting Information
The Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels Gordon Research Conference was held in conjunction with the Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels Gordon-Kenan Research Seminar. Please refer to the Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels GKRS web page for more information.

This Gordon Research Conference seeks to bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future.

A great technological challenge facing our global future is energy. The generation of energy, the security of its supply, and the environmental consequences of its use are among the world's foremost geopolitical concerns. Fossil fuels - coal, natural gas, and petroleum - supply approximately 90% of the energy consumed today by industrialized nations. An increase in energy supply is vitally needed to bring electric power to the 25% of the world's population that lacks it, to support the industrialization of developing nations, and to sustain economic growth in developed countries. On the geopolitical front, insuring an adequate energy supply is a major security issue for the world, and its importance will grow in proportion to the singular dependence on oil as a primary energy source. Yet, the current approach to energy supply, that of increased fossil fuel exploration coupled with energy conservation, is not scaleable to meet future demands. Rising living standards of a growing world population will cause global energy consumption to increase significantly. Estimates indicate that energy consumption will increase at least two-fold, from our current burn rate of 12.8 TW to 28 - 35 TW by 2050. - U.N. projections indicate that meeting global energy demand in a sustainable fashion by the year 2050 will require a significant fraction of the energy supply to come carbon free sources to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide levels at twice the pre-anthropogenic levels. External factors of economy, environment, and security dictate that this global energy need be met by renewable and sustainable sources from a carbon-neutral source.

Sunlight is by far the most abundant global carbon-neutral energy resource. More solar energy strikes the surface of the earth in one hour than is obtained from all of the fossil fuels consumed globally in a year. Sunlight may be used to power the planet. However, it is intermittent, and therefore it must be converted to electricity or stored chemical fuel to be used on a large scale. The "grand challenge" of using the sun as a future energy source faces daunting challenges - large expanses of fundamental science and technology await discovery. A viable solar energy conversion scheme must result in a 10-50 fold decrease in the cost-to-efficiency ratio for the production of stored fuels, and must be stable and robust for a 20-30 year period. To reduce the cost of installed solar energy conversion systems to $0.20/peak watt of solar radiation, a cost level that would make them economically attractive in today's energy market, will require revolutionary technologies. This GRC seeks to present a forum for the underlying science needed to permit future generations to use the sun as a renewable and sustainable primary energy source.

Speakers will discuss recent advances in homoogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis of multi-electron transfer processes of importance to solar fuel production, such as water oxidation and reduction, and carbon dioxide reduction. Speakers will also discuss advances in scaleably manufacturable systems for the capture and conversion of sunlight into electrical charges that can be readily coupled into, and utilized for, fuel production in an integrated system.


Contributors

SUNDAY
4:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in (Office Closed 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm)
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pm PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF CLIMATE MODELING, AND OVERVIEW OF BACTERIAL PHOTOSYNTHETIC FUEL PRODUCTION
Discussion Leader: Dianne Newman (MIT)
7:40 pm - 8:30 pmWarren Wiscombe (NASA)
"The Dept. of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurements Program and Its Relation to Climate Change Science"
8:30 pm - 8:50 pm Discussion
8:50 pm - 9:20 pmPeter Lindblad (Uppsala Universitet)
"Cyanobacterial based H2 production"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
MONDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pm BIOLOGICAL AND NONBIOLOGICAL ASSEMBLIES FOR USE IN ARTIFICIAL PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Discussion Leader: Cathy Murphy (Univ. of South Carolina)
9:00 am - 9:30 amDerek Lovley (Univ. of Massachusetts - Amherst)
"Conversion of Organic Wastes and Renewable Biomass to Electricity"
9:30 am - 9:45 am Discussion
9:45 am - 10:15 amSong Jin (Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison)
"Screw Dislocation Driven Growth of Complex Nanostructures and Their Potential Applications in Solar Energy Conversion"
10:15 am - 10:30 am Discussion
10:30 am Coffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amPeidong Yang (Univ. of California - Berkeley)
"Nanowire Electrodes for Photovoltaics and Photoelectrochemistry"
11:30 am - 11:45 am Discussion
11:45 am - 12:15 pmTom Mallouk (Pennsylvania State Univ.)
"Assembly of Nanomaterials for Visible-Light Water Splitting"
12:15 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pm INORGANIC MATERIALS FOR THE PHOTON CAPTURE AND CONVERSION COMPONENTS OF A SOLAR FUELS SYSTEM
Discussion Leader: Krishnan Rajeshwar (Univ. of Texas - Arlington)
7:30 pm - 8:00 pmKazunari Domen (Univ of Tokyo)
"Application of Some Nonoxide Materials for Overall Water Splitting Using Solar Energy"
8:00 pm - 8:10 pm Discussion
8:10 pm - 8:40 pmBruce Parkinson (Colorado State Univ.)
"A Combinatorial and Distributed Search for New Water Photoelectrolysis Materials"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pm Discussion
8:50 pm - 9:20 pmMichael Gratzel (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne)
"Solar Water Cleavage on Mesosccopic Semiconductor Oxide Electrodes"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
TUESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pm BIOLOGICAL AND NONBIOLOGICAL CATALYTIC REDUCTION OF WATER TO PRODUCE SOLAR HYDROGEN
Discussion Leader: Marcetta Darensbourg (Texas A&M)
9:00 am - 9:30 amWolfgang Lubitz (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Bioanorganische Chemie)
"Structure and Function of [NiFe]- and [FeFe]-Hydrogenase: Blueprints for Catalytic Model Systems"
9:30 am - 9:45 am Discussion
9:45 am - 10:15 amMarc Fontecave (CEA Grenoble)
"From hydrogenase to bioinspired nanomaterials : Ni-based compounds and hydrogen production"
10:15 am - 10:30 am Discussion
10:30 am Coffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amKaren Brewer (Virginia Polytechnic Institute)
"Supramolecular Complexes in Solar Energy Conversion via Photoinitiated Electron Collection"
11:30 am - 11:45 am Discussion
11:45 am - 12:15 pmIb Chorkendorff (Technical Univ. of Denmark)
"New and Inorganic Materials for Hydrogen Production"
12:15 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pm REDUCTION OF WATER AND CO2 TO PRODUCE SOLAR FUELS: THEORY AND EXPERIMENT
Discussion Leader: Andrew Bocasrly (Princeton Univ.)
7:30 pm - 8:00 pmJens Norskov (Technical Univ. of Denmark)
"Insights into Electrocatalytic Processes for Solar Energy Conversion from Computational Chemistry"
8:00 pm - 8:10 pm Discussion
8:10 pm - 8:40 pmEtsuko Fujita (Brookhaven National Lab)
"Toward CO2 Reduction by Renewable Hydride Transfer Reactions"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pm Discussion
8:50 pm - 9:20 pmCliff Kubiak (Univ. of California-San Diego)
"Approaches to the Photochemical Conversion of Carbon Dioxide to Liquid Fuels"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
WEDNESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pm CLOSING THE SOLAR FUELS CYCLE: PRODUCTION OF DIOXYGEN FROM WATER USING INORGANIC COMPLEXES
Discussion Leader: Alan Heyduk (Univ. of California-Irvine)
9:00 am - 9:30 amGary Brudvig (Yale Univ.)
"Water Oxidation Chemistry of Photosystem II and Artificial Systems"
9:30 am - 9:45 am Discussion
9:45 am - 10:15 amJames Hurst (Washington State Univ.)
"Mechanisms of Water Oxidation Catalyzed by Ruthenium Diimine Complexes"
10:15 am - 10:30 am Discussion
10:30 am Coffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amJames Muckerman (Brookhaven National Lab)
"Water Oxidation Catalysis by Dimeric Ruthenium Complexes with Quinonoid Ligands"
11:30 am - 11:45 am Discussion
11:45 am - 12:15 pmVincent Pecoraro (Univ. of Michigan)
"Reflections on Photosynthetic Water Oxidation Chemistry Using Model Chemistry"
12:15 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pm CLOSING THE SOLAR FUELS CYCLE: HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSTS FOR O2 REDUCTION AND WATER OXIDATION
Discussion Leader: Hector Abruna (Cornell Univ.)
7:30 pm - 8:00 pmRadoslav Adzic (Brookhaven National Lab)
"Platinum Monolayer Electroctalysts for Cathodic Oxygen Reduction: A Possible Answer to the Activity and Resources Questions"
8:00 pm - 8:10 pm Discussion
8:10 pm - 8:40 pmDaniel Nocera (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
"Solar Fuels Catalyst Design"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pm Discussion
8:50 pm - 9:20 pm Everett Anderson (Proton Energy)
"Chemistry and Electrochemistry of Water Oxidation Catalysts in Alkaline Electrolysis"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
THURSDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pm DIRECTED ASSEMBLY OF MOLECULAR-SCALE COMPONENTS FOR A SOLAR FUELS SYSTEM
Discussion Leader: Kathy Ayers (Proton Energy Systems)
9:00 am - 9:30 amKyoung-Shin Choi (Purdue Univ.)
"Morphology Control of Inorganic Materials for Use in Solar Energy Conversion"
9:30 am - 9:45 am Discussion
9:45 am - 10:15 amMary Beth Williams (Pennsylvania State Univ.)
"Polyfunctional Metal-Linked Artificial Peptide Assemblies"
10:15 am - 10:30 am Discussion
10:30 am Coffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 am Poster Talk: TBA
11:30 am - 11:45 am Discussion
11:45 am - 12:15 pm Poster Talk: TBA
12:15 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
(Nominations for the next Vice Chair; Fill out Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss future Site & Scheduling preferences; Election of the next Vice Chair)
7:30 pm - 9:30 pm POWERING THE PLANET THROUGH SOLAR FUELS: WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE?
Discussion Leaders: Joe Hupp (Northwestern Univ.) & Leif Hammarstrom (Uppsala Universitet)
7:30 pm - 8:50 pm Open Session
8:50 pm - 9:20 pmHarry Gray (California Institute of Technology)
"Use of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Systems for Production of Fuel from the Sun"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
FRIDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture

 
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