Gordon Research Conferences
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Conference Program
 
Eye Movements
The Motor System that Sees the World
July 31 - August 5, 2011
University of New England
Biddeford, ME

The oculomotor system is an ancient and crucial motor system. It is unique among motor control systems in that we know many details of the circuitry underlying the generation of eye movements, and can measure them with a high degree of accuracy. Classical research focused on oculomotor biomechanics and brainstem control mechanisms continues to provide exciting findings. At the same time this extensive body of knowledge has allowed the field to evolve and expand so that it now includes studies of the central mechanisms underlying higher order processing. For example, much work in this field now focuses on understanding the cortical control of eye movements, and uses the oculomotor system as a model to study higher brain functions, such as attention, perception and decision-making. Other areas of active study include the integration of oculomotor subsystems and coordination with other motor systems, the function and mechanical constraints produced by extraocular muscle pulleys, the transformation of visual, auditory and other sensory signals into motor commands, and investigations of the neurobiology of ocular motility disorders. The number of techniques being used to study the oculomotor system has similarly increased over the years. Recently developed approaches combining imaging, behavioural, cellular, molecular and genetic techniques are now being used in conjunction with anatomical, theoretical and electrophysiological approaches to provide novel insights into the workings of this system. In sum, the oculomotor system continues to serve as an ideal testing site for new concepts and techniques related to motor control.


Contributors

SUNDAY
2:00 pm - 9:00 pmArrival and Check-in (Office Closed 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm)
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmKeynote Lecture: Why and How the Brain Generates Eye Movements to See the World
Discussion Leader: Steven Lisberger (UCSF)
7:40 pm - 8:20 pmDora Angelaki (Washington University School of Medicine)
"New insights into an old eye movement reflex"
8:20 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pmJeffrey Schall (Vanderbilt University)
"From salience to action: A gated accumulator model of saccade target selection"
9:10 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion led by Steven Lisberger (UCSF)
MONDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmDecoding and Reference Frames
9:00 am - 9:05 amDiscussion Leader: Dan Guitton (McGill University)
9:05 am - 9:30 amJohn van Opstal (University of Nijmegen)
"The superior colliculus acts as an optimal gaze controller"
9:30 am - 9:40 amDiscussion
9:40 am - 10:05 amJennifer Groh (Duke University)
"Different Codes for Visual and Auditory Space in the Superior Colliculus"
10:05 am - 10:15 amDiscussion
10:15 am - 10:35 amCoffee Break
10:35 am - 11:00 amLeslie Osborne (University of Chicago)
"Connecting sensory processing to motor behavior in smooth pursuit"
11:00 am - 11:10 amDiscussion
11:10 am - 11:30 amDaniela Balslev (University of Tuebingen)
"Eye Proprioception used for visual localization only if in conflict with the oculomotor plan"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmVincent Prevosto(Duke)"The control of eye movements by the cerebellar nuclei: polysynaptic projections from the fastigial, interpositus posterior and dentate nuclei to lateral rectus motoneurons in primates."
12:00 pm - 12:10 pmDiscussion
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion led by Dan Guitton (McGill University)
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmBig Things from Small Packages: Micro-Saccades and Fixation
7:30 pm - 7:35 pmDiscussion Leader: Douglas Munoz (Queens University)
7:35 pm - 8:00 pmSusana Martinez-Conde (Barrow Neurological Institute)
"Tiny but mighty: the impact of microsaccades on visual physiology and perception"
8:00 pm - 8:10 pmDiscussion
8:10 pm - 8:35 pmZiad Hafed(Salk Institute)
"Changes in spatial perception around the time of microsaccades"
8:35 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:10 pmMichele Rucci (Boston University)
"Perceptual and computational benefits of fixational eye movements"
9:10 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion led by Douglas Munoz (Queens University)
TUESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmVisual Processing for Eye Movements (Target Selection)
9:00 am - 9:05 amDiscussion Leader: Tatiana Pasternak (University of Rochester)
9:05 am - 9:30 amCharles Schroeder (Nathan Kline Institute)
"Eye Movements and Active Sensing in Visual Processing"
9:30 am - 9:40 amDiscussion
9:40 am - 10:05 amAnne Sereno (University of Texas, Houston)
"Population coding of visual space: dorsal versus ventral"
10:05 am - 10:15 amDiscussion
10:15 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 10:55 amJames Bisley (UCLA)
"Saccade goal selection in a visual foraging task"
10:55 am - 11:05 amDiscussion
11:05 am - 11:30 amRobert McPeek (SUNY Optometry)
"Target selection for visually-guided action"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:05 pmChristopher Kennard (Oxford)
"The use of saccades as biomarkers in neurodegenerative diseases"
12:05 pm - 12:10 pmDiscussion
12:10 pm -12:30 pmGeneral Discussion led by Tatiana Pasternak (University of Rochester)
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmCoordinating and Calibrating Movements Across Oculomotor Systems
7:30 pm - 7:35 pmDiscussion Leader: Craig Evinger (SUNY Stony Brook)
7:35 pm - 8:00 pmJennifer Raymond (Stanford)
"Neural error signals controlling VOR learning"
8:00 pm - 8:10 pmDiscussion
8:10 pm - 8:35 pmRobijanto Soetedjo (University of Washington)
"Cerebellar motor learning error signals during saccade adaptation"
8:35 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:10 pmPhilippe Lefevre (Université Catholique Louvain)
"Visual tracking requires coordinating saccades and pursuit eye movements"
9:10 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion led by Craig Evinger (SUNY Stony Brook)
WEDNESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmMechanisms for Cognition and Reward
9:00 am - 9:05 amDiscussion Leader: Terry Stanford (Wake Forest University, School of Medicine)
9:05 am - 9:30 amPeter Redgrave (University of Sheffield)
"Collicular basal ganglia interactions: Dopamine made me do it, but what did I learn?"
9:30 am - 9:40 amDiscussion
9:40 am - 10:05 amYael Niv (Princeton University)
"Mechanisms of attention in the service of reward learning"
10:05 am - 10:15 amDiscussion
10:15 am - 10:30 amGroup Photo / Coffee Break
10:30 am - 10:55 amJacqueline Gottlieb (Columbia University)
"The cognitive control of attention"
10:55 am - 11:05 amDiscussion
11:05 am - 11:30 amUdaya Kiran K Jagadisan (Ear and Eye Institute)
"A neural test bed for simulating executive control deficits in saccade generation"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmTheresa Desrochers (MIT)
"Individual units in the FEF reflect monkeys' habitual eye movement patterns during a free scan task"
12:00 pm - 12:10 pmDiscussion
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion led by Terry Stanford (Wake Forest University, School of Medicine)
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the next Vice Chair; Fill out Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss future Site & Scheduling preferences; Election of the next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEye Movements for Visual Processing: Ascending Oculomotor Projections
7:30 pm - 7:35 pmDiscussion Leader: Marc Sommer (Duke University)
7:35 pm - 8:00 pmMartha Bickford (University of Louisville School of Medicine)
"Ascending projections of the superior colliculus: pulvinar and beyond"
8:00 pm - 8:10 pmDiscussion
8:10 pm - 8:35 pmTirin Moore (Stanford University School of Medicine)
"Control of visual cortical signals by prefrontal dopamine"
8:35 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:10 pmRebecca Berman (NEI)
"A pulvinar pathway for saccadic suppression"
9:10 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion led by Marc Sommer (Duke University)
THURSDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmPeripheral and Central Approaches To Understanding The Near Triad and Strabismus
9:00 am - 9:05 amDiscussion Leader: Michael Mustari (University of Washington)
9:05 am - 9:30 amAnja Horn-Bochtler (Ludwig-Maximillian University)
"A role of palisade endings in maintaining eye alignment"
9:30 am - 9:40 amDiscussion
9:40 am - 10:05 amVallabh Das (University of Houston)
"Insights into organization of the oculomotor system from studies of binocular alignment and binocular coordination in monkeys with strabismus"
10:05 am - 10:15 amDiscussion
10:15 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 10:55 amDinesh Pai (University of British Columbia)
"Computational and robotic models of oculomotor biomechanics and control"
10:55 am - 11:05 amDiscussion
11:05 am - 11:30 amLawrence Tychsen (Washington University School of Medicine)
"Repairing fusion in monkeys and humans with infantile strabismus"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:05 pmChristy Willoughby (University of Minnesota)
"Effects of the Sustained Release of IGF-1 on Extraocular Muscle of the Infant Non-Human Primate: Demonstration of Hering?s Law at the Effector Organ Level"
12:05 pm - 12:10 pmDiscussion
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion led by Michael Mustari (University of Washington)
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmNovel Methodologies for Oculomotor Research
7:30 pm - 7:35 pmDiscussion Leader: Paul Gamlin (University of Alabama at Birmingham)
7:35 pm - 8:00 pmTadashi Isa (National Institute of Psychological Sciences, Japan)
"Dissecting the superior colliculus on the dish"
8:00 pm - 8:10 pmDiscussion
8:10 pm - 8:35 pmXue Han (Boston University)
"Temporal precise, safe, optical modulation of primate cortical excitatory neurons at the millisecond time scale"
8:35 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:10 pmJonathan Erichsen (Cardiff University)
"Magnetoreception in homing pigeons: The dynamics of saccadic head movements"
9:10 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion led by Paul Gamlin (University of Alabama at Birmingham)
FRIDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture

Funding for this conference was made possible (in part) by (1R13EY021649-01) from (NEI). The views expressed in written conference materials or publications and by speakers and moderators do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Department of Health and Human Services; nor does mention by trade names, commercial practices, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

 
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