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Origins of Solar Systems
Gordon Research Conference

Composition of Forming Planets: A Tool to Understand Processes

Dates

July 17-22, 2011

Location

Mount Holyoke College
South Hadley, MA

Organizers

Chair:
Michael R. Meyer

Vice Chair:
Edward D. Young

Meeting Description

The 2011 Gordon Research Conference on Origins of Solar Systems will take place at Mt. Holyoke College in South Hadley, MA 17-22 July. This unique interdisciplinary meeting includes astronomers and astrophysicists interested in star and planet formation, planetary scientists and cosmochemists interested in the early history, structure, and evolution of the Solar System, as well as scientists in related disciplines. By bringing together this mix of expertise the conference attempts to address fundamental questions that are not tractable within the confines of just one discipline. Our goal is to understand whether planetary systems like our own, and the potential for habitability that they represent are the exception or the rule in the Milky Way galaxy.

The focus of the 2011 meeting (the 11th since this series began twenty years ago) will be "Composition of Forming Planets: A Tool to Understand Processes". Topics covered will include: 1) the initial conditions for planet formation in circumstellar disks, including estimates of solar nebula composition from the Genesis mission; 2) the evolution of the physical structure of the gas and dust from which planets form; 3) progress in our theoretical understanding of the major physical processes that control planet formation; 4) the interplay between disk dynamics and disk chemistry in determining the composition of forming planets including new results from the Herschel Space Telescope; 5) meteoritic constraints on the physical and chemical conditions in the solar nebula; 6) the role of giant impacts in the structure and evolution of forming planets; 7) satellites and rings of giant planets as mini-laboratories to study the process of planet formation; 8) current census of extra-solar planets including new results from the Kepler and COROT missions as well as other facilities; 9) the essential chemical conditions for life and whether those are readily obtained through our current understanding of planet formation; and many other topics.

The conference will continue the usual format of invited lectures, extended discussion, and poster sessions. The meeting provides an excellent opportunity for young researchers to present their latest research results and to participate in the dynamic informal conversations that are typical of a Gordon Conference. We encourage young scientists, including graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, to attend. Special efforts will be made to promote interactions between invited speakers and junior participants and we expect to provide some financial support to facilitate the latter’s participation.

Meeting Program

SUNDAY
2:00 pm - 9:00 pmArrival and Check-in (Office Closed 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm)
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmEnvironment of Solar System Formation
Discussion Leader: Fred Adams (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor)
7:40 pm - 8:20 pm Matthieu Gounelle (LMCM, Paris)
"The Solar System Birth Environment in the Context of Propagating Star Formation and Self Enrichment of Star-Forming Regions"
8:20 pm - 8:35 pm Discussion
8:35 pm - 9:15 pm Steve Desch (Arizona State University)
"The Astrophysical Environment of the Solar Birthplace"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
MONDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:45 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmCircumstellar Disk Structure & Composition
Discussion Leader: Sasha Krot (University of Hawaii, Manoa)
9:00 am - 9:40 am Klaus Pontoppidan (STScI, Baltimore)
"The Chemical Composition of Disk Surfaces: An Observational Review"
9:40 am - 10:00 am Discussion
10:00 am Coffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 am Inga Kamp (Kapteyn Institute, Groningen)
"Herschel Observations of Gas-Rich and Gas-Poor Disks"
11:10 am - 11:30 am Discussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pm Andrea Isella (Caltech, Pasadena)
"Probing the Origins of Solar System with Millimeter-Wave Interferometry"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmMigration of Solids in Disks
Discussion Leader: Fred Ciesla (University of Chicago, Chicago)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pm Ghylaine Quitte (CNRS, Lyon)
"Formation Ages of Early Solar System Solids - an Isotopic Perspective"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pm Discussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pm Richard Nelson (QMCL)
"Migration and Growth of Protoplanets in Discs"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
TUESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmSolar Nebula Composition and Planet Formation
Discussion Leader: Michael A. Jura (UCLA)
9:00 am - 9:40 am Herbert Palme (Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum, Frankfurt/M)
"Cosmochemical Constraints on the Composition of the Terrestrial Planets"
9:40 am - 10:00 am Discussion
10:00 am Coffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 am Sally Dodson-Robinson (University of Texas, Austin)
"Composition of Forming Planets: Gas and Ice Giants"
11:10 am - 11:30 am Discussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pm Diana Valencia (Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Nice)
"Structure and Composition of Superearths"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEvolution of Volatiles
Discussion Leader: Dave C. Jewitt (UCLA)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pm Alycia Weinberger (Carnegie Institution of Washington)
"Combining Disk Structure and Color to Measure Composition"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pm Discussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pm Bernard Marty (CRPG-CNRS)
"Stable Isotope (H, C, N) Variations in the Solar System: Origins and Processes"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
WEDNESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmGiant Impacts and Differentiation
Discussion Leader: Willy Benz (University of Berne)
9:00 am - 9:40 am Erik Asphaug (UCSC, Santa Cruz)
"The Inefficiencies of Giant Planetary Collisions"
9:40 am - 10:00 am Discussion
10:00 am Coffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 am Bernie Wood (Oxford University)
"Geochemical Constraints on Planetary Differentiation"
11:10 am - 11:30 am Discussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pm Mark Wyatt (University of Cambridge)
"Detectability of Debris from Giant Impacts"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the next Vice Chair; Fill out Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss future Site & Scheduling preferences; Election of the next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmPlanetary Dynamics
Discussion Leader: Kristen Menou (Columbia University)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pm Alessandro Morbidelli (Observatory of Nice)
"Key Aspects of the Evolution of the Solar System: Hints to Understand the Diversity of Planetary Systems"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pm Discussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pm Jason Wright (Penn State)
"Multiple Planet Systems and Distributions of Orbital Parameters"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
THURSDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmNew Planet Populations
Discussion Leader: Dimitar Sasselov (Harvard)
9:00 am - 9:40 am William Borucki (Ames Research Center, Moffett Field)
"Results from the Kepler Mission"
9:40 am - 10:00 am Discussion
10:00 am Coffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 am Dave Bennett (University of Notre Dame)
"Exoplanet Detections with Gravitational Microlensing"
11:10 am - 11:30 am Discussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pm David Lafrenerie (University of Montreal)
"Direct Imaging Studies of Exoplanets"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pm Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmProperties of Exoplanet Host Stars
Discussion Leader: Debra Fischer (Yale University, New Haven)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pm Garik Israelian (Observatorio del Teide, La Laguna, Tenerife)
"Abundance Studies of Exoplanet Host Stars"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pm Discussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pm Eric Mamajek (University of Rochester)
"Ages and Other Properties of Exoplanet Host Stars"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pm Discussion
FRIDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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