Gordon Research Conferences
Meeting Details

Gordon Research Conference

Advances in Characterization, Analysis, Theory and Modeling of Basic Processes


March 9-14, 2014


Four Points Sheraton / Holiday Inn Express
Ventura, CA


Robert Kostecki

Vice Chair:
Dean Wheeler

Meeting Description

The performance of current electrical energy storage (EES) systems falls well short of requirements for using electrical energy efficiently in transportation, smart grid, commercial, and residential applications. Although batteries have been available for over 150 years there are still many fundamental gaps in understanding the atomic- and molecular level processes that determine and govern their function, operation, performance limitations and failure. Fundamental knowledge is critically needed to uncover the underlying principles that control these complex and interrelated processes. With this underpinning knowledge, wholly new concepts in materials design can be developed for producing electrodes and battery cells that are capable of storing higher energy densities and have long cycle lifetimes.

The ability to address fundamental questions related to advanced electrochemical energy storage devices relies critically on the development and application of novel characterization tools with increased spatial, energy, and temporal resolution. The development of analytical tools that have high sensitivity, selectivity and specificity and cover the wide time scales of processes associated with the battery system operation modes has the potential to revolutionize the field. Theoretical fundamental models that can provide fundamental understanding of electron and charge transfer processes and mechanisms by which ions interact with electrode materials and the nature of interfacial phenomena are of great interest.

A new paradigm is required to design new stable anode and cathode materials to provide electrochemical cells with high energy, high power, long lifetime and adequate safety at a competitive manufacturing cost. Current battery design is a highly empirical process and the optimum solution is often compromised by greatly overdesigning the battery cell. Therefore, coordinated efforts in fundamental research and advanced engineering are needed to combine effectively new materials, electrode architectures and manufacturing technologies to achieve substantial improvements in energy and power densities of EES systems. The design of new materials with tailored architectures will be catalyzed by new computational and analytical tools that can provide the needed foundation for the rational design of these multifunctional materials.

The goal of this Conference is to foster these new efforts to elucidate fundamental chemical, transport, electrical, and physical processes that can help build and verify improved models to predict battery performance, for both the state-of the-art EES devices and for entirely new kinds of rechargeable systems.

Related Meeting

This GRC was held in conjunction with the "Batteries" Gordon Research Seminar (GRS). Refer to the associated GRS program page for more information.


Meeting Program

4:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in (Office Closed 6:00 pm - 7:45 pm)
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmNovel Strategies for Electrical Energy Storage
Discussion Leader: Stanley Whittingham (SUNY at Binghamton, USA)
7:40 pm - 8:20 pmMartin Winter (Münster University, Germany)
"The Electrode/Electrolyte Interface as Key to the Improvement and Understanding of Rechargeable Li Batteries"
8:20 pm - 8:35 pmDiscussion
8:35 pm - 9:15 pmDonald Truhlar (University of Minnesota, USA)
"Quantum Mechanical Electrochemistry, with Application to Li-Ion Battery Cathodes"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmCharge Transfer and Mass Transport Across Interfaces and Interphases
Discussion Leader: Anthony Burrel (Argonne National Laboratory, USA)
9:00 am - 9:40 amTomäs Arias (Cornell University, USA)
"Ab Initio Theory of Electrochemistry"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amHenry White (University of Utah, USA)
"Electrochemistry in Confined Spaces: Negative Electrolyte Resistance, Three-Phase Boundary Redox Kinetics, and Coulomb Transport"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmAtsuo Yamada (The University of Tokyo, Japan)
"Superconcentrated Electrolyte for Quick Charge: What Happens at the Interface?"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session I
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmElectrolyte Interactions
Discussion Leader: Andrew Gewirth (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pmSteve Greenbaum (The City University of New York, USA)
"NMR Studies of Structure and Transport in Battery Materials"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pmYong Yang (Xiamen University, China)
"The Active Interaction of Electrolytes with Electrode Materials: Surface Films and Characterization"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmRational Design of Materials and Interfaces
Discussion Leader: Joachim Maier (Max-Planck-Institute, Germany)
9:00 am - 9:40 amNancy Dudney (ORNL, USA)
"Using Thin Films to Modify Interfaces and Investigate Model Systems"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amDominique Guyomard (University of Nantes, France)
"Influence of Surface Modification of Active and Non-Active Materials, and Texturation of Current Collector on Battery Performance"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmSteve Harris (LBNL, USA)
"Li Transport at the Microscale"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session II
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmModeling and Simulations
Discussion Leader: Jake Christiansen (Robert Bosch LLC, USA)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pmR. Edwin García (Purdue University, USA)
"Microstructural Aspects of Rechargeable Batteries: Performance and Degradation"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pmBor Yann Liaw (University of Hawaii, USA)
"From Diagnostic Modeling to Battery Prognostics"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmFormation and Structure of Interfaces and Interphases
Discussion Leader: Doron Aurbach (Bar-Ilan University, Israel)
9:00 am - 9:40 amMartin Bazant (MIT, USA)
"Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics of Li-Ion Batteries"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amKeith Stevenson (University of Texas at Austin, USA)
"Elucidation of the Formation of Solid Electrolyte Interphases at Nanostructured Interfaces via High Resolution Analytical Tools"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmKristina Edström (Uppsala University, Sweden)
"Depth Profiling Through Electrode/Electrolyte Interfaces in Lithium-Based Batteries"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session III
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmAdvanced Characterization
Discussion Leader: Paul Shearing (University College London, UK)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pmDavid Muller (Cornell University, USA)
"Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy of Batteries: Nanoscale Imaging of Structure and Ion Distributions During Electrochemical Cycling"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pmPaul Fenter (Argonne National Laboratory)
"In Situ Observations of Processes in Energy Storage Systems with X-Ray Reflectivity"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmMultifunctional Charge Storage Concepts
Discussion Leader: Alan Cooper Luntz (IBM, USA)
9:00 am - 9:40 amJohn Kerr (LBNL, USA)
"Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier Technology for Energy Storage and Conversion"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amSteve Visco (Polyplus, USA)
"Challenges and Opportunities in Lithium-Sulfur and Lithium-Air Batteries - Radical Solutions to Old Problems"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmEster Takeuchi (Stony Brook University, USA)
"In Situ and Ex Situ Explorations of Battery Cathodes"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session IV
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmNovel Approaches in Theory and Characterization
Discussion Leader: Paul Albertus (Robert Bosch LLC, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:50 pmNina Balke (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA)
"New Detection Principles for Ionic Transport on the Nanoscale"
7:50 pm - 8:00 pmDiscussion
8:00 pm - 8:20 pmJordi Cabana (University of Illinois, Chicago, USA)
"Visualization of Phase Transformations at Multiple Length Scales Using X-Rays"
8:00 pm - 8:20 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 8:50 pmWilliam Chueh (Stanford University, USA)
"Multiscale Imaging of Lithium-Ion Intercalation"
8:50 pm - 9:00 pmDiscussion
9:00 pm - 9:20 pmJagjit Nanda (ORNL, USA)
"Nanoscale XANES Tomography of Lithium-Ion Electrodes: Bridging Between the Chemical State and Morphology"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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