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Conference Program
 
Ocean Global Change Biology
Interactive Effects of Multiple Global Change Variables
July 6-11, 2014
Waterville Valley Resort
Waterville Valley, NH
Chair:
David A. Hutchins

Vice Chair:
Philip Boyd

The first Gordon Research Conference on "Ocean global change biology" was created due to a growing awareness that our ability to predict biological responses to anthropogenic alteration of the oceanic environment demands that we address the interactive effects between distinct changing environmental factors. In the last decade our research community has primarily focused on the biological effects of changes to individual ocean properties, such as pH (ocean acidification) or temperature (sea surface warming). This GRC will bring these distinct but related research threads together by adopting a holistic approach to two pressing research questions - "How will ocean biota respond to multiple concurrent alterations of their environment?", and "How will their cumulative responses affect ocean productivity, biodiversity and biogeochemistry?".

The geographical distributions, biodiversity, physiological performance, and evolutionary success of marine organisms are determined by a complex matrix of environmental conditions, most of which are in rapid flux in today’s oceans. Assemblages of marine organisms ranging from bacteria and phytoplankton to coral reefs, kelp forests, and pelagic top predators can be directly or indirectly influenced by feedbacks between changing pH, carbon dioxide concentrations, temperature, irradiance, nutrient and trace element supply, turbulence, and biotic factors such as novel competitive and trophic interactions. Thus, anthropogenic alteration of this matrix of conditions at a rate unprecedented in the last 300 million years strongly influences both the input of energy into ocean ecosystems, and the resulting structure and function of marine food webs. This new GRC will bring together for the first time a sufficiently wide range of perspectives and skills to tackle the complex and pressing issue of how concurrent changes in ocean chemistry and climate will impact marine organisms in the coming decades. We aim to bring together all of the interdisciplinary research communities studying aspects of biological responses to a broadly changing ocean environment, from experimentalists to modelers and from new students to senior investigators.


Contributors

SUNDAY
2:00 pm - 9:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 7:50 pmWelcome by Chair Dave Hutchins
7:50 pm - 9:30 pmLessons Learned from the Ocean Acidification Field
7:50 pm - 8:00 pmDiscussion Leader: Andy Ridgwell (University of Bristol, UK)
8:00 pm - 8:20 pmUlf Riebsell (GEOMAR Kiel, Germany)
"Ocean Acidification - From Organism Responses to Ecosystem and Biogeochemical Impacts"
8:20 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 8:50 pmSarah Cooley (Ocean Conservancy, USA)
"Adaptations to Address the Social and Ecological Dimensions of Ocean Acidification"
8:50 pm - 9:00 pmDiscussion
9:00 pm - 9:20 pmJoan Kleypas (National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA)
"How Things Have Changed: 15 Years of Ocean Acidification Research on Coral Reefs"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
MONDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmFeedbacks Between Ocean Acidification, Warming and Hypoxia
9:00 am - 9:10 amDiscussion Leader: Shannon Meseck (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)
9:10 am - 9:45 amBrad Seibel (University of Rhode Island, USA)
"Critical Depth: Integrating the Physiological Responses to Deoxygenation, Warming and Acidification in Marine Animals"
9:45 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 amGroup Photo / Coffee Break
10:30 am - 11:05 amLisa Levin (Scripps Institute of Oceanography, USA)
"When Multiple Stressors Meet: Ecological Consequences of Hypoxia and Hypercapnia on Upwelling Margins"
11:05 am - 11:20 amDiscussion
11:20 am - 11:55 amWei-Jun Cai (University of Delaware, USA)
"Interactive Effects Between Ocean Acidification and Coastal Water Eutrophication and Hypoxia"
11:55 am - 12:10 pmDiscussion
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmPaleo Proxies for Multiple Environmental Stressors
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmDiscussion Leader: Adina Paytan (University of California Santa Cruz, USA)
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmMeixun Zhao (Ocean University, China)
"Proxy Records of Climate Change and Ecosystem Responses in Marginal Seas During the Holocene"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmBaerbel Hoenish (Columbia University, USA)
"Challenges and Opportunities to Decipher the Geological Record of Ocean Acidification"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:15 pmDani Schmidt (University of Bristol, UK)
"Geological Records of Ecosystem Change"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
TUESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmAcclimation, Plasticity and Adaptation
9:00 am - 9:10 amDiscussion Leader: Gretchen Hofmann (University of California, Santa Barbara, USA)
9:10 am - 9:40 amSinead Collins (University of Edinburgh, Scotland)
"Just Can't Get Enough: Designing and Understanding Evolution Experiments with Multiple Stressors"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amBrian Helmuth (Northeastern University, USA)
"Climate Profiling: Why Meta-Analysis and Sound Bites Won't Save the World"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amMartina Doblin (University of Technology, Sydney, Australia)
"Genetic and Non-Genetic Variation in Tolerance to Climate Stressors in Marine Algae"
11:30 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 12:15 pmSteve Palumbi (Stanford University, USA)
"Mechanisms of Coral Resistance to Future Climate Change"
12:15 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmBiogeochemical Consequences of Multi-Variable Global Change Processes
Discussion Leader: Andreas Andersson (Scripps Institute of Oceanography, USA)
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmUta Passow (University of California, Santa Barbara, USA)
"Carbon Cycling: Response to Ocean Acidification and Environmental Change"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmAndreas Schmittner (Oregon State University)
"Modeling Biogeochemical Consequences of Past Global Changes"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:15 pmAnne Cohen (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA)
"How Much Is Too Much? Nutrients Modulate and Exacerbate Ocean Acidification Impacts on Coral Reefs"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
WEDNESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmPhysiological and Genetic Responses to Interacting Anthropogenic Stressors
9:00 am - 9:10 amDiscussion Leader: Doug Capone (University of Southern California, USA)
9:10 am - 9:40 amElena Litchman (Michigan State University, USA)
"Phytoplankton Responses to Temperature and the Interactions with Nutrients and Light"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amAndy Allen (JCVI and Scripps Institution of Oceanography)
"Transcriptional Sensitivity of Southern Ocean Phytoplankton Communities to Elevated Temperature and CO2"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amMak Saito (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
"Potential Influence of Global Change on Micronutrient Biogeochemical Processes"
11:30 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 12:15 pmKunshan Gao (Xiamen University, China)
"Interactive Effects of Ocean Acidification with Solar UV Radiation on Marine Primary Producers"
12:15 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmDeveloping and Comparing Ocean Global Change Experimental Methods
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmDiscussion Leader: Phil Boyd (University of Tasmania, Australia)
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmBill Kirkwood (Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute)
"FOCE: The Evolution of In Situ Free Ocean CO2 Enrichment Experiments"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmChristina McGraw (Clark University, USA, and University of New England, Australia)
"Low-Cost Device for the Direct Measurement of the Carbonate Ion in the Laboratory and Field"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:15 pmDavid Kline (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USA)
"Integrating Multiple Experimental Approaches Are Needed to Understand Ocean Acidification Ecosystem Impacts: A Coral Reef Example"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
THURSDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 am - 9:00 amBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
9:00 am - 12:30 pmEcosystem Modeling of Multiple Stressors
9:00 am - 9:10 amDiscussion Leader: Scott Doney (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
9:10 am - 9:45 amAl Tagliabue (University of Liverpool, UK)
"Modelling the Multiple Effects of a Changing Climate on the Cycles of Nitrogen and Iron"
9:45 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:05 amSam Dupont (University of Gothenburg, Sweden)
"A Conceptual Framework to Model Environmental Risk of Multiple Global and Local Drivers"
11:05 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:05 pmStephanie Dutkiewicz (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)
"Counteraction and Enhancement Between Multiple Environmental Drivers of Phytoplankton Communities in the Future Ocean"
12:05 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmTemporal and Spatial Scales of Biological Responses to Environmental Change
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmDiscussion Leader: Zoe Finkel (Mount Allison University, Canada)
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmMike Behrenfeld (Oregon State University)
"Global-Scale Variability in Plankton Properties and Their Relation to Environmental Forcings"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmMatt Oliver (University of Delaware)
"The Match and Mis-Match of Environmental Selection: Does Mesoscale Variability Provide Refuge and Management Options in a Changing Climate?"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:15 pmRicardo Letelier (Oregon State University)
"Perturbations and Biological Filters: How Do Environmental Signals Propagate Across Scales?"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
FRIDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture

 
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