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Predator-Prey Interactions
Gordon Research Conference

From Genes to Ecosystems to Human Mental Health

Dates

January 5-10, 2014

Location

Ventura Beach Marriott
Ventura, CA

Organizers

Chair:
Liana Zanette

Vice Chair:
Andy Sih

Meeting Description

Predator-prey interactions have shaped all life on earth and this underlying commonality helps explain the recent development of parallel independent research paths in many diverse fields. For instance, the persistent threat of immediate violent death is a hallmark of predator-prey interactions that has profound implications for human psychology, epigenetics, neurobiology, physiology, developmental biology, ecology and evolution. Studying fear of predators has accordingly come to inform research on, e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), maternal stress and the ‘programming’ of childhood anxiety, learning and long-term memory, ecosystem functioning, conservation and eco-evolutionary dynamics.

The goal of this inaugural Gordon Research Conference on Predator-Prey Interactions is to facilitate the coalescence of these parallel research paths by bringing together the leading investigators from diverse fields, in order to create a cohesive community of excellent researchers keen to collaborate in exploring the unique insights to be gained from an interdisciplinary focus on phenomena specific to predator-prey interactions. The theme of this inaugural Conference is ‘From Genes to Ecosystems to Human Mental Health’ and the sessions correspondingly cover an extensive range of topics including, e.g., ‘The neurobiology of predator-induced fear’, ‘Predators as stressors: integrating human and animal models’, ‘Fear effects on population- and ecosystem-level processes’ and ‘Restoring the balance between predators and prey’.

The Conference will bring together an international group of researchers at different career stages who are all at the forefront of their diverse fields, and will provide junior scientists and graduate students the opportunity to meet and discuss their work with the leaders in their field. To complement the session presentations and help ensure everyone is an active participant all attendees are strongly encouraged to contribute a poster. Bringing together diverse scientists in the collegial atmosphere of this Conference, with organized discussions, opportunities for informal gatherings, and inclusive poster sessions, is certain to lead to numerous new synergies and interdisciplinary collaborations.

Click here for detailed information about the session topics and speakers

Contributors

Meeting Program

SUNDAY
4:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in (Office Closed 6:00 pm - 7:45 pm)
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmEstablishing an Interdisciplinary Approach to Predator-Prey Interactions
7:40 pm - 8:00 pmWelcome by Chair / Discussion Leader: Larry Dill (Simon Fraser University)
8:00 pm - 8:30 pmOswald Schmitz (Yale University)
"Developing a Cohesive, Holistic View of Predator-Prey Interactions"
8:30 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:15 pmDavid Diamond (University of South Florida)
"Predator-Prey Interactions Provide Insight into Adaptive and Maladaptive Aspects of the Psychobiology of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
MONDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmThe Neurobiology of Predator-Induced Fear
9:00 am - 9:15 amDiscussion Leader: Phillip Zoladz (Ohio Northern University)
9:15 am - 9:45 amNewton Canteras (University of Sao Paulo)
"What Ethologically Based Models Have Taught Us About the Neural Systems Underlying Fear and Anxiety"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amJoel Brown (University of Illinois-Chicago)
"Ecology of Fear: Using Behavioral Titrations to Measure Fearfulness and Its Consequences"
10:25 am - 10:40 amDiscussion
10:40 am - 11:10 amCoffee Break
11:10 am - 11:40 amJeffrey Rosen (University of Delaware)
"The Smell of Fear: Innate Fear of Predator Odor"
11:40 am - 11:50 amDiscussion
11:50 am - 12:20 pmJacqueline Blundell (Memorial University)
"Neural Mechanisms Underlying Predator Stress-Induced Fear Memories"
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmInducible Morphological Defences
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmDiscussion Leader: Peter Eklöv (Uppsala University)
"Announcements and Session Introduction"
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmRick Relyea (University of Pittsburgh)
"Inducible Anti-Predator Defences and the Phylogeny of Fear: Insights from the World of Amphibians"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmRalph Tollrian (Ruhr University)
"The Genetics and Neurophysiology of Inducible Defences in Daphnia"
9:00 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
TUESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmPredators as Stressors: Integrating Human and Animal Models
9:00 am - 9:15 amDiscussion Leader: Jay Schulkin (Georgetown University)
9:15 am - 9:45 amMichael Clinchy (University of Victoria)
"Fear in Free-Living Wildlife and Human Mental Health?"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amSophia Lavergne and Rudy Boonstra (University of Toronto Scarborough)
"The Snowshoe Hare Cycle and the Role of Fluctuating Predation Risk"
10:25 am - 10:40 amDiscussion
10:40 am - 11:10 amCoffee Break
11:10 am - 11:40 amVivette Glover (Imperial College London)
"Maternal Stress During Pregnancy Predicts Cognitive and Behavioural Changes in the Human Child, Including Increased Fearfulnesss"
11:40 am - 11:50 amDiscussion
11:50 am - 12:20 pmRachel Yehuda (Mount Sinai School of Medicine)
"Protective and Damaging Effects of the Bio-Behavioral Stress Response: Cognitive and Clinical Aspects"
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmFear Effects on Population- and Ecosystem-Level Processes
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmDiscussion Leader: Maria Thaker (Indian Institute of Science)
"Announcements and Session Introduction"
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmScott Creel (Montana State University)
"The Role of Predation Risk in Mediating the Predator-Prey Dynamics of Large Carnivores and Their Ungulate Prey"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmDror Hawlena (Hebrew University)
"Fear of Predation Affects Ecosystem Elemental Cycling"
9:00 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
WEDNESDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmLearning, Unlearning and Communicating Fear
9:00 am - 9:15 amDiscussion Leader: Ken Lukowiak (University of Calgary)
9:15 am - 9:45 amMaud Ferrari (University of Saskatchewan)
"The Role of Uncertainty in Learning and Retention of Predator Information"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amDan Blumstein (UCLA)
"Predator Naiveté: When and How Do Prey Lose Their Fear of Predators?"
10:25 am - 10:40 amDiscussion
10:40 am - 11:10 amCoffee Break
11:10 am - 11:40 amRobert Magrath (Australian National University)
"Signals of Danger: How and Why to Eavesdrop on the Neighbours"
11:40 am - 11:50 amDiscussion
11:50 am - 12:20 pmPeter Banks (University of Sydney)
"Dangerous Liaisons: The Predation Risks of Receiving Social Signals"
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmPredators, Prey and Plants: Does Fear Make the World Green?
7:30 pm - 7:45 pm Discussion Leader: Evan Preisser (University of Rhode Island)
"Announcements and Session Introduction"
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmPamela Reynolds (UC Davis)
"Factors Influencing the Strength of Fear Effects in Aquatic Food Webs"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmMark Boyce (University of Alberta)
"Does Fear of Large Carnivores Reduce the Impacts of Ungulates on the Plants Ungulates Eat?"
9:00 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
THURSDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmRestoring the Balance Between Predators and Prey
9:00 am - 9:15 amDiscussion Leader: James Estes (UC Santa Cruz)
9:15 am - 9:45 amBodil Elmhagen (Stockholm University)
"Top Predators, Mesopredators and Their Prey"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amMichael Heithaus (Florida International University)
"Ecological Consequences of Marine Top Predator Declines"
10:25 am - 10:40 amDiscussion
10:40 am - 11:10 amCoffee Break
11:10 am - 11:40 amCraig Packer (University of Minnesota)
"Large Carnivore Conservation: Is the Solution Fenced Reserves?"
11:40 am - 11:50 amDiscussion
11:50 am - 12:20 pmDavid Macdonald (University of Oxford)
"Vantage Points in a Landscape of Fear"
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEvolutionary Ecology of Predator-Prey Interactions
7:30 pm - 7:45 pm Discussion Leader: Andrew Beckerman (University of Sheffield)
"Announcements and Session Introduction"
7:45 pm - 8:15 pmJohanna Mappes (University of Jyväskylä)
"Predator Community Structure Affects How Predator Foraging Selects for Variation in Defence Strategies"
8:15 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:15 pmAndrew Sih (UC Davis)
"Evolution and Novel Predator-Prey Interactions in a Human-Altered World"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
FRIDAY
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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