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Environmental Nanotechnology
Gordon Research Conference

Steps for Environmentally Safe Implementation of Nanotechnology

Dates

June 21-26, 2015

Location

Mount Snow
West Dover, VT

Organizers

Chair:
Paul Westerhoff

Vice Chair:
Sharon L. Walker

Meeting Description

Increasing numbers of commercial, industrial and environmental products and processes are using nano-enabled systems. This 3rd GRC on Environmental Nanotechnology will focus on safe use of these nano-enabled systems, framing discussions around potential "steps" or considerations required. For example, one step in the manufacturing process often involves purification of nanomaterials prior to incorporation into macroscale nano-enabled systems. The efficiency of this purification step, and tracking disposition of "off-spec" material is critical. Product use, recycling, and disposal of nano-enabled systems represent other critical steps where methodologies to understand nanomaterial release to the air, water, soil are critical to understand. Other nano-enabled systems may intentionally disperse colloidal-scale objects directly into the air, water or soil. Increasing interest in development and use of nano-enabled systems for water, air and soil treatment, ranging from desalination to anti-bacterial surface coatings, are rapidly emerging – and will be a special focus at this GRC. These, and other means by which nanomaterials, may result in intentional or unintentional exposure by humans and the ecosystem and pose hazard. Consequently, advances in nano-metrology is critical to track, quantify exposures, understand transformations and model nanomaterials in various matrices, and perhaps the prerequisite for using nanomaterials in nano-enabled systems should include the ability to assess their presence prior to product sales. This GRC will seek to introduce and discuss fundamental science assumptions required to assess human and environmental exposures. Likewise, another critical step prior to safely using nano-enabled products should include the availability to test for direct toxicity, ranging from acute toxicity to genetic or other risks. A final step is to create a framework for understanding the indirect consequences of nanomaterial releases, whether it is from lawsuits seeking damages from a yet to be diagnosed disease to effects like those associated with CFC release which damaged the ozone layer.

Related Meeting

This GRC was held in conjunction with the "Environmental Nanotechnology" Gordon Research Seminar (GRS). Refer to the associated GRS program page for more information.

Contributors

Final Meeting Program

Sunday
2:00 pm - 9:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmNew Challenges of Nanotechnology
To start off the conference we have scheduled an engaging session that provides four views on a topic which has arisen at the first and second Environmental Nanotechnology GRC meetings, namely 'the distribution of nanomaterials between different phases is scientifically sound and has environmental relevance'. This will be structured as an Oxford Style Debate intended to show GRC participants that it is common to have varying opinions on important topics and that debate, questions and discussion work to bring a community together. These will be followed with a presentation by the newest NAE member in the environmental nanotechnology area (Prof. Wiesner).
Discussion Leader: Rebecca Klaper (University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, USA)
7:40 pm - 7:50 pmOpening Remarks
7:50 pm - 8:00 pmGregory Lowry (Carnegie Mellon University, USA)
"Nanomaterials Are NOT Molecules: So Handle Established Environmental Partitioning Descriptors and Modeling Frameworks with Extreme Caution (But Don't Throw the Baby Out with the Bathwater!)"
8:00 pm - 8:05 pmDiscussion
8:05 pm - 8:10 pmElijah Petersen (National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA)
"Assays and Tools Are Needed to Simulate and Predict Bioaccumulation of Nanomaterials"
8:10 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:20 pmAntonia Praetorius (University of Vienna, Austria)
"The Attachment of Nanomaterials to Environmental Surfaces Cannot Be Described by Equilibrium Partitioning Concepts"
8:20 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:35 pmJonathan Posner (University of Washington, USA)
"Nanoparticles Reach Steady State Distributions Between Liquid Phase and Interfaces in Violation of DLVO Theory"
8:35 pm - 8:40 pmDiscussion
8:40 pm - 9:15 pmMark Wiesner (Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology, Duke University, USA)
"Translation of Nano-Fate Studies from the Field to the Lab"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmSafe Development and Manufacturing of Green Nano-Enabled Products
Discussion Leader: Ahmed Busnaina (Northeastern University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:40 amRobert Nick (QD Vision, Inc., USA)
"Green Quantum Dot Chemistry in Display Products"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amMark Banash (Nanocomp Technologies, Inc., USA)
"Manufacturing Using Nanomaterials"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmJacqueline Isaacs (Northeastern University, USA)
"Nanotech Commercialization in Uncertain Regulatory Environments: Full Speed Ahead?"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmChallenges of Reporting Null Results - A Race to the Top and Bottom
Discussion Leader: Richard Canady (NeutralScience L3C, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:10 pmPaul Anastas (Yale University, USA)
"What To Do About Information We Don't or Can't Know"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmTom van Teunenbroek (DGMI, The Netherlands)
"The 'Dark Matter' of Safe by Design: Showing the Impact of 'No Effect' Data"
9:00 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmFinding and Detecting Nanomaterials Released from Products into the Environment
Discussion Leaders: Ian Illuminato (Friends of the Earth, USA) and Richard Canady (NeutralScience L3C, USA)
9:00 am - 9:40 amChristopher Szakal (National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA)
"Simple Questions, Complex Measurements: The Need for Innovative Nanocharacterization"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amFrank von der Kammer (University of Vienna, Austria)
"Where is the Nano? Locating and Tracing Nanoparticles in Complex Systems"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmWendel Wohlleben (BASF SE, Germany)
"What Gets Out There? Characteristics of Release During Manufacturing, Use, Disposal"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmUnderstanding the Reliability and Reproducibility of Nano-Analytics
Discussion Leader: Dave Holbrook (National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:10 pmSteven Oldenburg (nanoComposix, Inc., USA)
"Emerging Applications of Nanomaterials and Their Impact on Environmental Nanotechnology"
8:10 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:55 pmNastassja Lewinski (Virginia Commonwealth University, USA)
"Context in Nanotoxicology: What 'the Three Rs' Mean"
8:55 pm - 9:10 pmDiscussion
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion: Dealing with Uncertainty
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmValidity in Using Model Nanomaterials to Predict Fate and Effects of More Complex Nanomaterials and Nano-Enabled Systems
Discussion Leader: Rebecca Klaper (University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, USA)
9:00 am - 9:40 amRobert Hamers (University of Wisconsin - Madison, USA)
"Molecular-Level Studies of Nanoscale Complex Oxide Transformations and Toxicity as a Foundation for Sustainable Nanotechnologies"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amStacey Harper (Oregon State University, USA)
"Efficacy of Small-Scale Aquatic Microcosm Studies to Evaluate Nanomaterial Ecotoxicity"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmYoram Cohen (University of California, Los Angeles, USA)
"Nanoinformatics - Development and Integration of Computational Tools for Assessing the Environmental Impact of Engineered Nanomaterials"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmAssessing and Using Release Rates from Nano-Enabled Products
Discussion Leaders: Ian Illuminato (Friends of the Earth, USA) and Richard Canady (NeutralScience L3C, USA)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pmDenise Mitrano (Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology - EMPA, Switzerland)
"Using a Life Cycle Approach to Understand Nano Material Aging, Transformation and Release During Use of Nano-Enabled Products"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pmAlan Kennedy (US Army Engineer Research and Development Center, USA)
"A Framework to Support Decision-Making: Tools for Classification, Release, and Exposure Assessment of Nanotechnology"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmSolving Pollution Problems Using Nanotechnology, Without Causing More Pollution
Discussion Leaders: John Fortner (Washington University in St. Louis, USA) and Nora Savage (National Science Foundation, USA)
9:00 am - 9:40 amAngela Violi (University of Michigan, USA)
"Controlling Reactions at the Nanoscale for Pollution Prevention"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amQilin Li (Rice University, USA)
"Nanotechnology for Desalination: Beyond Reverse Osmosis"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmJeffrey C.S. Wu (National Taiwan University, Taiwan)
"The Ultimate Solution of Greenhouse Gas CO2 - Photosysthetic Process by Nano Photocatalysts"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmFuture Directions: Identifying New Environmental Science Required to Assess Risks and Harness Benefits from Nanotechnology
Discussion Leader: Nora Savage (National Science Foundation, USA)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pmTara Sabo-Attwood (University of Florida, USA)
"Evolution of Nanotoxicology: Progress and Setbacks Towards Understanding the Health and Safety of Contemporary Nanomaterials"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pmSteven Diamond (NanoSafe Inc., USA)
"Photons at the Nanoscale: Incorporating Photoreactivity into Nanomaterial Risk Assessment"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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