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Polar Marine Science
Gordon Research Conference

Understanding Polar Ecosystem Change Through Time Series Observations, Technological Advances, and Biophysical Coupled Modeling

Dates

March 26-31, 2017

Location

Ventura Beach Marriott
Ventura, CA Site Information

Organizers

Chair:
Jacqueline M. Grebmeier

Vice Chair:
Jean-Eric Tremblay

Application Deadline

Applications are no longer being accepted for this meeting. If you have been instructed to apply by the Conference Chair, please contact Vanessa LaPorte for further instructions.

Meeting Description

The 2017 GRC on Polar Marine Science "Understanding Polar Ecosystem Change Through Time Series Observations, Technological Advances, and Biophysical Coupled Modeling" will bring together leading investigators in Antarctic and Arctic marine research. Using a tradition of excellence facilitated by the Gordon Research Conferences (GRC), participants will present and discuss cutting edge interdisciplinary polar science observations, technological advancements and biophysical modeling activities associated with polar time series studies. The unique GRC format incorporates invited science talks by experts working at both poles, which are moderated by discussion leaders, and are followed by in-depth open discussion periods. We will have a highlight session daily for the afternoon poster session. The format of the GRC inspires scientists from different disciplines to synthesize new ideas and to brainstorm about the ongoing status and change in the polar oceans.

In both the Antarctic and Arctic, ecosystem variables such as sea ice dynamics, atmospheric and ocean exchange, biogeochemical cycles, food web dynamics, and sediment proxies have in the past and are currently responding to climate and environmental change. How the ecosystem is responding to ongoing stressors in the marine environment and devising appropriate modeling approaches to predict future change are important foci for polar science. The 11th GRC on Polar Marine Science will primarily discuss new findings and uncertainties in observing marine time series data, the use of developing technology for collecting those observations, and successes and challenges emerging from time series observations and biophysical modeling that can be used to accurately forecast future ecosystem response.

A Gordon Research Seminar (GRS) will occur the weekend prior to the 2017 Polar GRC to provide a forum for graduate students and postdoctoral scientists to present their work and interface with their peers and experts in variable disciplines. The major focus at the 2017 GRS will be on innovative marine technology including autonomous and remotely operated instruments, camera systems, advanced laboratory techniques, and numerical modeling. The early career scientists will present data and discuss how these technological advances improve the physical-biological understanding of polar marine ecosystems. Financial support will be offered in priority to graduate students and postdoctoral fellows attending both the GRC and the preceding GRS.

Related Meeting

This GRC will be held in conjunction with the "Polar Marine Science" Gordon Research Seminar (GRS). Those interested in attending both meetings must submit an application for the GRS in addition to an application for the GRC. Refer to the associated GRS program page for more information.

Contributors

Meeting Program

Sunday
4:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmKeynote Session: Marine Ecosystem Status and Change in the Antarctic and Arctic
Physical Drivers and Ecosystem Response
Discussion Leader: Jody Deming (University of Washington, USA)
7:40 pm - 7:45 pmOpening Remarks
7:45 pm - 7:55 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:55 pm - 8:25 pmMichael Meredith (British Antarctic Survey, United Kingdom)
"The Southern Ocean: How It's Changing, How We're Observing It, and Why It Matters"
8:25 pm - 8:35 pmDiscussion
8:35 pm - 9:05 pmThomas Soltwedel (Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Germany)
"Natural Variability or Anthropogenically-Induced Variation? Insights from 15 Years of Multidisciplinary Observations at the Arctic Marine LTER Site HAUSGARTEN"
9:05 pm - 9:15 pmDiscussion
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmPhysical Drivers in Polar Marine Systems
Discussion Leader: Anna Whalin (University of Gothenburg, Sweden)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amWalt Meier (Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, USA)
"A Tale of Two Poles: Contrasting Satellite-Derived Time Series of Sea Ice Changes in the Arctic and Antarctic over the Past Four Decades"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amKay I. Ohshima (Hokkaido University, Japan)
"Global View of Sea Ice Production in Polynyas and Its Linkage to Dense/Bottom Water Formation, Material Cycle and Biological Production"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amAndrey Proshutinsky (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA)
"Consequences of Arctic Ocean Changes and Hypotheses of Variability Based on Observations and Model Results"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmGeneral Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:30 pmPoster Previews
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
3:00 pm - 4:00 pmPower Hour
The GRC Power Hour is an optional informal gathering open to all meeting participants. It is designed to help address the challenges women face in science and support the professional growth of women in our communities by providing an open forum for discussion and mentoring.
Organizers: Christina Goethel (University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, USA) and Hadley McIntosh (Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, USA)
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmPaleoceanographic Time Series Studies in Polar Regions
Discussion Leader: Beth Caissie (Iowa State University, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:10 pmHeidemarie Kassens (GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany)
"The Laptev Sea System Since the Last Glacial"
8:10 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:55 pmAmy Leventer (Colgate University, USA)
"New Approaches and Progress in Reconstructing Sea Ice Distribution in the Southern Ocean from Marine Sediment Cores"
8:55 pm - 9:10 pmDiscussion
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmBiogeochemical Interactions in Polar Marine Ecosystems
Discussion Leader: Lee Cooper (University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amFrancois Fripiat (Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Germany)
"Macronutrients in Sea Ice: Overall Patterns and Related Processes"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amNaomi Harada (Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan)
"Ocean Acidification in the Western Arctic Ocean - Its Impact on the Marine Plankton"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amSanghoon Lee (Korea Polar Research Institute, South Korea)
"Biogeochemical Interactions in Amundsen Ecosystems"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmGeneral Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:30 pmPoster Previews
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmLower Trophic Level Marine Time Series Studies
Discussion Leader: Monika Kedra (Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:10 pmJorgen Berge (UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway)
"Changing Seasonal Patterns of Diel Vertical Migration in a High Arctic Ecosystem"
8:10 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:55 pmIrene Schloss (Argentine Antarctic Institute, Argentina / University of Quebec, Canada)
"Potter Cove, a System on the Move: Main Results from 25 Years of Research"
8:55 pm - 9:10 pmDiscussion
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmUpper Trophic Level Marine Time Series Studies
Discussion Leader: Sue Moore (National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amGeorge Watters (National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, USA)
"Time Series Observations on Penguins and Seals in the Antarctic"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amElena Eriksen (Institute of Marine Research, Norway)
"Climate Change Promotes Poleward Shifts of Boreal Species to the Arctic"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amAri Friedlaender (Oregon State University, USA)
"Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Baleen Whale Foraging Ecology Around the Antarctic Peninsula"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmGeneral Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:30 pmPoster Previews
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmBiophysical Coupled Modeling Using Time Series Data in Polar Regions
Discussion Leader: Wieslaw Maslowski (Naval Postgraduate School, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:10 pmNadja Steiner (Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Canada)
"Applying Ocean-Sea Ice-Biogeochemical Models in Assessing Climate Change Impacts on Arctic Marine Ecosystems"
8:10 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:55 pmMartin Vancoppenolle (National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France)
"Use of Models to Challenge and Promote Biogeochemical Observations in Ice-Covered Oceans"
8:55 pm - 9:10 pmDiscussion
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmTechnological Advances and Issues of Scaling for Time Series Data Collections
Discussion Leader: Jessica Cross (National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amFinlo Cottier (Scottish Association for Marine Science, United Kingdom)
"Traditional Time Series vs. New Robotics"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amSebastian Swart (University of Gothenburg, Sweden)
"Multi-Month, High-Frequency Observations from the Southern Ocean: Approaches and Complexities Interpreting Ocean Datasets"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amSeth Danielson (University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA)
"Attempting Multi-Disciplinary Measurements at Biophysically Relevant Time and Length Scales"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmGeneral Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:30 pmPoster Previews
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmConnecting Marine Observing Systems at the Poles: Regionally and Globally
Discussion Leader: Eddy Carmack (Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Canada)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:10 pmMary-Louise Timmermans (Yale University, USA)
"Physical Oceanography of the Arctic: Upper-Ocean Dynamics and Recent Variability"
8:10 pm - 8:20 pmDiscussion
8:20 pm - 8:50 pmAndrew Constable (Australian Antarctic Division / Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre, Australia)
"Scaling Studies in the Antarctic to Global Issues"
8:50 pm - 9:00 pmDiscussion
9:00 pm - 9:20 pmGeneral Discussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmClosing Remarks
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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